It occupies the southern third of the island of Saint Martin; the island’s northern two-thirds constitutes the French overseas collectivity of Saint-Martin. [51], The American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine (AUC), founded in 1978, was previously located on Montserrat. Natural disasters, like hurricanes, development, and a tourism-based industry as cause this the significantly decrease over the years. The economy is heavily dependent on tourism, either from long-stays or day-trippers from the many cruise lines that dock in the Philipsburg Harbour; around 80% of the workforce is employed in this sector. [citation needed], Tourism began growing from the 1950s onward, and Princess Juliana International Airport became one of the busiest in the Eastern Caribbean. [5] Some limited agriculture occurs, however most food is imported. [76] Learning Unlimited Preparatory School (LUPS) is an American accredited institution, that established a Caribbean location in St.Maarten in 1991. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. [19] Reports on 9 September indicated that 70% of the infrastructure on the Dutch part had been destroyed. [65] Carty was the man of the final at the 2016 Under-19 World Cup, and was later described by the prime minister, William Marlin, as having "brought the name of St Maarten to international acclaim". The Dutch built a fort (Fort Amsterdam) on the island in 1631; Jan Claeszen Van Campen became its first governor and the Dutch West India Company began mining salt on the island. It is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. [23], The government of the Netherlands was sending aid, as well as additional police and military, since looting was a serious problem. [72], Private schools subsidized by the St. Maarten government include:[73], Previously residents had to complete secondary studies in Aruba and/or Curaçao. Bargain hunters flock to the duty-free and sales-tax-free stores of Philipsburg's mile-long commercial district. Hurricane Luis hit the island in 1995, causing immense destruction and resulting in 12 deaths. The island is approx 300 km (190 ml) east of Puerto Rico (USA). [citation needed]. The capital of Sint Maarten is Philipsburg Largest Cities in Sint Maarten by population: Cul de Sac, Philipsburg "We've lost many, many homes. A constituency country controlled by the Dutch, St. Maarten occupies the southern half of an island whose northern half, St. Martin, is controlled by the French. Klomp, Ank. Chapter 215 "The Dutch-speaking Caribbean Die niederländischsprachige Karibik." Philipsburg is the capital of Dutch St Maarten, a Caribbean island divided into Dutch and French (Saint Martin) sides. The currency is the Netherlands Antillean guilder, to be replaced eventually with a new Caribbean guilder. Thankfully, this second hurricane did not have a significant impact on the island. Mullet Pond, a section of the inland lagoon Simpson Bay Lagoon, is home to 70% of Sint Maarten's mangrove population on the Dutch side of the island. Sint Maarten is 34 km2 (13 sq mi). The head of state is the Dutch monarch, represented by a governor, and the head of government is the prime minister. [12][7], After the abolition of slavery, plantation culture declined and the island's economy suffered. An estimated 522 wild plants are present, mainly being seed plants and a few ferns. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in February. Sint Maarten has been assigned the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country codes of SXM and SX,[15] and the .sx Internet ccTLD became available to register on 15 November 2012. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Both offer a little European culture and a lot of laid-back Caribbean ambience. The economy is based increasingly on tourism, as the government encourages exploitation of the island’s most valuable natural resources: its clean beaches and pleasant climate. The annual St. Maarten Carnival starts in April and ends in May. [citation needed], Philipsburg Jubilee Library in Philipsburg[79] was the most prominent library in Sint Maarten. The climate is warm and sunny year-round, with moderate rainfall spread fairly evenly throughout the year. While this decree was respected locally, it was not until 1863 when the Dutch abolished slavery in all of their island colonies that the slaves became legally free. [10] However, in 1648 the Eighty Years' War ended and the Spanish, no longer seeing any strategic or economic value in the island, simply abandoned it. The confusion of numerous poorly charted small islands in the Leeward Islands meant that this name was accidentally transferred to the island now known as Saint-Martin/Sint Maarten.[8][9]. After some initial conflict, both sides realized that neither would yield easily. It was claimed by several European powers—notably the Dutch and the French, who partitioned the island in 1648. [7] These people most likely migrated from South America. For much of this period, Sint Maarten was governed by business tycoon Claude Wathey of the Democratic Party. We became a country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. [58], Popular team sports in Sint Maarten include baseball, basketball, volleyball, cricket, and soccer. [5] With a population of 41,486[2] as of January 2019 on an area of 34 km2 (13 sq mi), it encompasses the southern 40% of the divided island of Saint Martin, while the northern 60% of the island constitutes the French overseas collectivity of Saint-Martin. The beach policy (as of 1994)[38] views the beach from the perspective of being an ecosystem service for recreational activities. [6], Sint Maarten had been inhabited by Amerindian peoples for many centuries, with archaeological finds pointing to a human presence on the island as early as 2000 BC. [74], The Caribbean International Academy, founded in 2003 is a preparatory private boarding and day school on the island of St. Maarten. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. As per the 2001 census there were far more Spanish speakers than Dutch speakers, amounting to 14.8% and 4.2% of the population, respectively. [11] During the treaty's negotiation, the French had a fleet of naval ships off shore, which they used as a threat to bargain more land for themselves. [43], Sint Maarten is home to many distinctive plants such as hibiscus, yellow sage (seen on the flag), flamboyant trees, mahogany, and cacti. In 2016, the Sint Maarten Men's National Team went on to win the championship in their pool for the round 1 World Championship Qualifiers winning the gold along with many individual awards. [7] Circa 1300-1400 AD they began to be displaced with the arrival of the more bellicose Carib peoples. [44], The categorization of native, introduced, and invasive plant species is not as well documented for the island. We have reviews of the best places to see in Philipsburg. The foundation Stichting Voortgezet Onderwijs van de Bovenwindse Eilanden (SVOBE), established on February 20, 1974,[74] was created as the neutral governing body for a new school created by the merger of Phillips and Huis schools. [32], On 10 October 2017, Princess Juliana International Airport re-commenced commercial flights[33] using temporary structures, pending repairs.[34]. Philipsburg St Maarten Map Pdf, City Maps, Philipsburg St Maarten Map Pdf Sint Maarten, country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Lesser Antilles, northeastern Caribbean Sea. Schools have been destroyed. Philipsburg is a port town and the capital of Sint Maarten - an island country in the Dutch Antilles, one of Holland's overseas territories. With soft trade winds cooling the subtropical climate, it is easy to while away the day on one of 37 beaches or shop in Philipsburg's Front Street and the rues of the very French Marigot. The hillside policy, as of 1998,[38] is mainly concerned with residential development. See more: Complete coverage of Hurricane Irma Philipsburg, the capital of Dutch St. Maarten, fills a narrow stretch of land between Great Bay and the Great Salt Pond.Founded in 1763 by John Philips, a Scottish captain in the Dutch navy, it soon became a bustling center of international trade. Both English and Dutch are official languages. [47] Without the seagrass bed sand can easily be moved by a hurricane resulting in the loss of beaches or sand accumulates in one area, impacting marine life. [69] Over the past 8 years, volleyball in St.Maarten on a National level has been developing and showing results. Even though the report issued by this commission was damaging for the island's government, measures were not put into place to curb corruption, arguably because the government of the Netherlands Antilles depended on the support of Wathey's Democratic Party in the Estates of the Netherlands Antilles. The 10 Best St. Maarten Excursions & Tours. When exploring on cruises that go to St. Maarten, it’s important to visit both sides to understand their customs and heritage. The policy has three main points: the beach must be usable for everyone, developments that negatively affect recreative use will be prevented, and beaches should be protected against human influences that could impair their recreation function. [5] The terrain is generally hilly, with the highest peak being Mount Flagstaff at 383m. In: April 21, 2002: The national associations of Saint-Martin and Sint Maarten were welcomed as the newest (associate) members to the Confederation during the CONCACAF Ordinary Congress in Miami Beach, Florida (USA), Island Regulation of the Netherlands Antilles, Franco-Dutch treaty on Saint Martin border controls, Common Court of Justice of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba, Stichting Voortgezet Onderwijs van de Bovenwindse Eilanden, University of Sint Eustatius School of Medicine, List of Designated Monuments in Sint Maarten, Postage stamps and postal history of Sint Maarten, https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/onderwerpen/caribische-deel-van-het-koninkrijk/vraag-en-antwoord/waaruit-bestaat-het-koninkrijk-der-nederlanden, "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", Sint Maarten bloeit, politici leven in luxe, "Netherlands PM: Death toll from Irma on Dutch Saint Martin rises to four", "St. Martin's famous airport badly damaged by Hurricane Irma", "Caribbean islanders fear another battering after Irma wreaks havoc", "After Irma, fearful islands await Hurricane Jose", "Third of buildings on Dutch St. Martin destroyed", "Rutte: We will not abandon St. Maarten - SXM Talks", "The Latest: Irma regains strength to Category 5 hurricane", "After raking Caribbean, Irma gains strength, targets Florida", "The Latest: Irma regaining strength over bathtub-warm water", "Hurricane Jose spares storm-ravaged French Caribbean islands", "Irma turns Caribbean island paradises into nightmares", "Over 1,200 Americans evacuated from St. Maarten amid reports of violence", "Royal Caribbean dispatches cruise ships to help with hurricane relief", "European leaders step up Irma relief effort in Caribbean", "Willem-Alexander: Sint-Maarten destruction 'worse than any war zone, "DUTCH KING VISITS SINT MAARTEN; FIRST EVACUEES ARRIVE IN NETHERLANDS", "SXM Airport Temporary Facilities Operating Smoothly", "SXM Airport Opens Temporary Arrival Pavilion Friday", "St Maarten Tops 1 Million Cruise Passengers", "Updated: Mapping what's open and closed in the Caribbean: Travel Weekly", Eilandsraad Sint Maarten unaniem achter staatsregeling, Sint Maarten vrijhaven voor criminele gelden, Gedeputeerde Sint Maarten veroordeeld voor corruptie, Louie Laveist partially vindicated on appeal, "Mullet Pond in Sint Maarten becomes the Netherlands' 55th Ramsar Site | Ramsar", "Environmental Profiles Overseas Countries and Territories ANNEX-K Sint Maarten", "Central America and Caribbean ::SINT MAARTEN", "The World Count of Gaming Machines, 2014", "Curaçao, St. Maarten economies contracted", "Curacao and St Maarten Insurance Industry Governance, Risk and Compliance Report 2019", ST. MARTIN AND ST. MAARTEN SPORTS & ACTIVITIES, "This Week in CONCACAF History: April 17–23", (Dutch) Sint Maarten - List of International Matches, "St. Maarten draws US Virgin Islands, Grenada in first round Caribbean Cup", "Carty on WI U19 team for Youth World Cup", "Keacy Carty gets a fitting hero’s welcome", Netherlands Antilles reveal final Baseball World Cup Roster, "Eastern Caribbean Volleyball Association (ECVA) - Federations", "St. Maarten advanced in World Cup qualifier", "New Zealand woman dies after jet blast at world's 'scariest' airport", "St. Maarten Information - Culture and Tourism", "Caribbean International Academy :: Top Boarding & Day School in SXM", "Mission and Accreditation – Learning Unlimited Preparatory School", "Contact Us – Learning Unlimited Preparatory School", "Library on Sint Maarten still closed: 'Everyone has good intentions, but nothing is happening, "Jubilee Library to reopen in temporary location Monday - St Maarten Philipsburg Jubilee Library", "Irma devastates world-famous St. Martin airport", "St Maarten: Tourist Killed by Jet Blast at Notorious Caribbean Airport", paradijs overzee: de 'Nederlandse' Caraïben en Nederland, Knellende koninkrijksbanden: het Nederlandse dekolonisatiebeleid in de Caraïben, 1940–2000, Language Culture and Identity in St Martin, Official website of the Sint Maarten government, St. Maarten Chamber of Commerce and Industry, St. Maarten Hospitality and Trade Association, American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine, St. Maarten Hospitality and Trade Association (visitor information), St. Maarten Tourism Map (visitor information), Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology, Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, List of countries by English-speaking population, List of countries where English is an official language, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sint_Maarten&oldid=1004838563, Caribbean countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, English-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 2010, 2010 establishments in the Netherlands Antilles, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2015, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from February 2015, Pages using flagicon template with unknown parameters, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Upper Prince's Quarter (4,595 inhabitants), Little Bay (Fort Amsterdam) (5,581 inhabitants), Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Primary School (, The Asha Stevens - Hillside Christian School (, St.Maarten Vocational Training School (South Reward), Lasana M. 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