Tradition goes that the Kaaba was ordained by Allah (swt) to be built in the shape of the House in Heaven called Baitul Ma’amoor. It is the most sacred site in Islam. During most of the year the Kaaba is covered with an enormous cloth of black brocade, the kiswah. The town is about 295 kilometers away from Abuja. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). to … According to Muslim tradition, the KaÊ¿bah was built by Abraham. 1. History of kaaba in urdu pdf. He told the people that this was a symbolic house of God. 'Honored Ka'bah'), is a building at the center of Islam's most important mosque, the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Tradition goes that the Kaaba was ordained by Allah (swt) to be built in the shape of the House... Prophet Ibrahim and the Idols. It was over 4000 years later that the last of the line of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) entered Makkah triumphantly, went inside the Kaaba and, with the help of his cousin and son in law, Ali Ibn Abu Talib and destroyed all the idols of Kaaba with their own hands. The Five Pillars of Islam. It is now about 60 feet high, 60 feet wide from east to west and 60 feet from north to south. Arts and humanities AP®︎/College Art History Introduction to cultures and religions for the study of AP Art History Islam. Sort by: Top Voted. Tell me why apart From Oba Aka (who became king as a result of conspiracy) is the only non-Ilajo king in Kabba history. The small, cubed building known as the Kaba may not rival skyscrapers in height or mansions in width, but its impact on history and human beings is unmatched. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. According to Fr. The Holy Quran brought this story into the full light of history: “Allah has spoken the Truth, therefore follow the creed of Prophet Ibrahim, a man of pure faith and no idolater.” (3:90). Please consider supporting The Muslim Vibe, from as little as £1 – it will only take a minute. Muslims orient themselves toward this shrine during the five daily prayers, bury their dead facing its meridian, and cherish the ambition of visiting it on pilgrimage, or hajj, in accord with the command set out in the Qurʾān. It lies near the Osse River, at the intersection of roads from Lokoja, Okene, Ikare, Ado-Ekiti, and Egbe. About 2/3rd’s of the way up runs a gold embroidered band covered with Qur’anic text. The Kaaba surrounded by pilgrims during the hajj, Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Since time immemorial this town and this stone built house has been known to world travelers. The Kaaba has since been the focal point of Muslim piety. Nighthawk's beginnings date to 1903. Islam is a faith, which is followed by 1.8 billion people around the globe, and Kaaba is their heaven. Introduction to mosque architecture. Your support can help us in the fight against Islamophobia, by building a powerful platform for young Muslims who can share their ideas, experiences and opinions for a better future. Monsignor Carlo Zappa, the great astronomer who laboured with predecessor, Fr. This is Baitullah, the House of Allah. Corrections? There is no doubt that it was referring to the stone built house at Makkah. The first house established for the people was at Makkah, a Holy place and guidance to all beings. Introduction to Islam. Kabba was the administrative headquarters of the Kabba province of the defunct Northern Region of Nigeria, which includes all of the current Kogi State. It has been fixed there ever since. Our goal is to provide a space for young Muslims to learn about their faith as well as news stories affecting them, so we can reclaim the Muslim narrative from the mainstream. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Qurʾān says of Abraham and Ishmael that they “raised the foundations” of the Kaaba. A door was raised above ground level to protect the shrine from intruders and flood waters. His son Hashim took this leadership and extended it to many other towns of Hejaz so much so that many pilgrims flocked annually to this place and enjoyed Hashim’s hospitality. Ibn Kathir, the fa­mous com­men­ta­tor on the Quran, men­tions two in­ter­pre­ta­tions among the Mus­lims on the ori­gin of th… Muslims believe that Abraham (known as Ibrahim in the Islamic tradition), and his son, Ismail, constructed the Kaaba. In the centre of this town there is a small square building made of stones, about 60 feet long, 60 feet wide and 60 feet high. During Kusayi’s time, it was rebuilt and fortified. Inside it is kept a stone bearing the prints of two human feet. Historical events Kabba town boasts of a big archive of historical events but I will pick on only two. In 570 CE, Muhammad was born in Mecca. Kabba is a trade centre for coffee , cocoa , yams , cassava , maize , sorghum , shea nuts , peanuts (groundnuts), beans , cotton , and woven cloth produced by the Yoruba , Ebira , and other peoples of the surrounding area. Islam. History is always there staring people in the eyes but they would like to twist the course. It lies near the Osse River, at the intersection of roads from Lokoja, Okene, Ogidi, Ado-Ekiti, and Egbe. People entered through these doors to come to the Kaaba for worship. If you continue to use this site, you agree with it. History . From 1880 to 2018 less than 5 people per year have been born with the first name Kabba. Tradition holds that it was originally a simple unroofed rectangular structure. Fowoyo, “On taking over, he went round the Parish and Outstations and discovered that in Kabba, there was only one Mass Centre – Sacred Heart Church. The oldest recorded birth by the Social Security Administration for the name Kabba is Saturday, February 5th, 1949. These days, both of the hills are enclosed into the sanctuary walls with a roof over it. At one stage of this destruction of idols, the tallest of the idol, Hubbol, was brought down after Ali had to stand on the shoulders of the Prophet to carry out God’s orders. Even though the town was destroyed, he escaped that assault and retreated to the Casamance once again. …to a local shrine, the KaÊ¿bah. 10 most amazing things about the kaaba who built the kaaba what is inside the kaaba duration. Kabba Name Meaning. Since time immemorial, this town and this stone built world travellers have known house. The last chapter deals with the profile of important personalities in Nigeria including from Kabba town. God does not live there for He is everywhere. The Old Testament describes this building as the Shrine of God at several places, but the one built at Ma’amoor is very much similar to the one at Makkah. It is considered by Muslims to be the Bayt Allah (Arabic: بَيْت ٱللَّٰه‎, lit. This prominence created jealousy and his brother Abdu-Sham’s adopted son, Umayyah, tried to create trouble. Located in the eastern corner of the Kaaba is the Black Stone of Mecca, whose now-broken pieces are surrounded by a ring of stone and held together by a heavy silver band. In the province of Hejaz in the western part of Arabia, not far from the Red Sea, there lies the town of Makkah. Legend has it that in 1936, a particular man was driving through Kabba and he was obstructed by Kabba Youths who were celebrating a festival; the man was alleged to have threatened to arrest all of them. The exact sense is ambiguous, but many Muslims have interpreted the phrase to mean that they rebuilt a shrine first erected by Adam of which only the foundations still existed. The Kaaba has been destroyed, damaged, and subsequently rebuilt several times since. Kabba people are referred to as “Owe” people. It lies near the Osse River, at the intersection of roads from Lokoja, Okene, Ogidi, Ado-Ekiti, and History of kabba - Kabba - Page 1 of 1 Maplandia.com in partnership with Booking.com offers highly competitive rates for all types of hotels in Kabba, from affordable family hotels to the most luxurious ones. is a little building with a small dome, the Maqam Prophet Ibrahim. Booking.com, being established in 1996, is longtime Europe’s leader in online hotel reservations. ... some stalls at Odogi market and the Kabba Town Hall, through its control of Kabba District Council. In the centre of this town there is a small square building made of stones, about 60 feet long, 60 feet wide and 60 feet high. He inherited this service and made it much more prominent. Muhammad asked his hearers not to embrace something new but to…, …place for Muslims is the KaÊ¿bah sanctuary at Mecca, the object of the annual pilgrimage. The Prophet of Islam was reciting the verse from the Qur’an: “Truth hath come and falsehood hath vanished.” (17:81) This was done in the 8th year of Hijra, January 630 AD after the bloodless victory at Makkah by the Prophet of Islam. Kaaba, also spelled KaÊ¿bah, small shrine located near the centre of the Great Mosque in Mecca and considered by Muslims everywhere to be the most sacred spot on Earth. This was later restored with the help of the Makkahn people. The 10 Most Famous African Muslims in History, Between Sikh, Afghan, and Brit: The Politics of Pashtun Identity in 19th Century Peshawar, A Brief History of Mansa Musa: West Africa’s Muslim King of Riches, European Union Member States Can Ban Halal Meat, Court Rules, Kalbe Sadiq, Champion of Interfaith Harmony in India, Sadly Passes Away. He organized feasts and supplies of water to the pilgrims during the annual festival of Pilgrimage to the Holy Shrine. How much do you know about the history of the Kaaba? Umawi forces came back to Makkah and killed Abdullah Ibn Zubayr and proceeded to hang his body on the gates of the Kaaba for three months for all to see. Opposite the Northwest wall but not connected with it, is a semi-circular wall of white marble. There was a dispute in which Umayyah failed and left Makkah to settle down in the Northern provinces of Sham, what is now modern day Syria. On the outskirts of the building to the North East is the ‘Zamzam Well’ but this has now been relocated and placed under ground). He took over from Rev. People did not understand this logic and as soon as Prophet Ibrahim died, the people filled the place with idols again. Though not much is known about his youth, his jihād s lasted for nearly five decades (1850s-1901). But within his lifetime, people disobeyed his orders and began to put idols inside the Kaaba. Just outside are the Hills called Safa and Marwa and the distance between the hills is about 500 yards. Hajj. After Hashim came his brother Muttalib and after him, Hashim’s son Shyba (who became known as Abdul Muttalib) assumed the leadership of the family. Learn about the wonders of Kaba in ... Ka'aba - The Holy House of Allah. He advised them to place the stone in a cloak and ordered the heads of each Tribe each to take an end and bring the cloak nearer the corner on the Eastern side. The four walls are covered with a curtain (Kiswa). Its diameter is around 12 inches. Since those days, Mecca's history and identity has been inextricably linked with Islam. The Abrahamic vision of the Kaaba created a means of discerning an orthodox origin buried in the midst of pagan malpractices to which the first Muslims pointed the way. Hajj. Under his guidance, the Kaaba was refurbished and pilgrims began to arrive in safety to perform Hajj. History and size of the Kaba, the building towards which Muslims face five times a day, everyday, in prayer. ” (2: 139-144). Ever since, it is Ismael, the son of Prophet Ibrahim, who helped his father to build this place and his descendants remained the custodians of the Holy Shrine. Anthony Ayo Akande who was transferred to Egbe Parish. Louis Fowoyo was appointed the Parish Priest of Kabba Parish. The Muslim Vibe is a non-profit media platform aiming to inspire, inform and empower Muslims like you. Prophet Ibrahim is said to have stood on this stone when building the Kaaba and marks of his feet are miraculously preserved. Prophet Ibrahim built this House for devout worship to one God. Hoorah! On the 16 th January, 1993, Rev. Kabba hotels: low rates, no booking fees, no cancellation fees. Legend has it that the stone was originally white but has become black by absorbing the sins of the countless thousands of pilgrims who have kissed and touched it. History tells us that centuries passed and the guardianship of the Kaaba remained in the family of Ismael until the name of Abdul-Manaf came into the limelight. The Kaaba , also spelled Ka'bah or Kabah, sometimes referred to as al-Kaʿbah al-Musharrafah (Arabic: ٱلْكَعْبَة ٱلْمُشَرَّفَة‎, romanized: al-Kaʿbah al-Musharrafah, lit. Get in touch with us if you would like to share an opinion, thought or idea on The Muslim Vibe. This is Baitullah, the House of Allah. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. After the Muslim migration, or Hijrah, to Medina, the qiblah briefly switched to Jerusalem before returning to the Kaaba. Originally it contained only four walls without a roof. Fr. In front of the building was Maqam Ibrahim, the arch shape gate known as that of Banu Shayba and the Zamzam Well. Qur’an firmly establishes the fact that Prophet Ibrahim was the real founder of the Holy Shrine. Prophet Ibrahim, with the help of his son Ismael, erected the new shrine on the same foundations. Introduction to mosque architecture. After the creation of Adam, the Kaaba was built by him.According to Qur'an, it is the first house on Earth. His father, Fodi Bakari Dumbuya, was a Jahanka from Futa Tuba. The European first visit to Kabba, Oweland …………………….…1892 2. In the Eastern corner, about 5 feet above ground, the Hajar el Aswad (the black stone) is fixed into the wall. Hyper Local Community Website about Kabba, Kabba Town Guide, eBay and Classified Adverts, Kabba Postcards, Photographs And Prints For Sale, Antique Photo Prints And Medals, Memorabilia, Badges linked to Kabba ; TheTownGuideID C250-R95626-PHome0 for Kabba, Nigeria I learned the art of sewing at 18 out of the frustrations of being 6’5 and constantly spending money on clothing that never fit right. Muhammad was driven out of Mecca in 620 C.E. Between the archway and the facade (N.E.) Updates? Troops were sent from Sierra Leone, and on 2 January 1892, a joint navy and military force attacked Foday Kaba’s base. Search the history of over 401 billion web pages on the internet. Today very little remains except for the Nighthawk Hotel, remnants of the Kaaba Texas Mine, and a few other original buildings. At the East is Rukn el Aswad, at the North is Rukn el Iraqi, at the West al Rukn el Sham and at the South is Rukn el Yamani. This is the currently selected item. 'House of God') and is the qibla (Arabic: قِبْلَة‎, direction of prayer) for Muslims around the world when performing salah. This was when Abraham was ordered to go to the Southern desert with his wife Hagera and infant son Ismael. Its real nature is difficult to determine, its visible shape is worn smooth by hand touching and kissing. Page 1 of 1: Kabba is a town in Kogi State in mid west Nigeria. In the 1960’s there was a Lure in the activities of Owe’s voluntary organisations, owning to partisan Political activities nationwide. The early history of the Kaaba is not well known, but it is certain that in the period before the rise of Islam it was a polytheist sanctuary and was a site of pilgrimage for people throughout the Arabian Peninsula. Allah in his infinite Mercy ordained a similar place on earth and Prophet Adam was the first to build this place. History of Parish The bid to evangelise Kabba Parish began when the SMA Missionaries were sent to found the Vicariate of Western Nigeria in 1888, the area fell into the vicariate. The Kaaba. According to tradition, this stone was given to Adam on his expulsion from paradise in order to obtain forgiveness of his sins. The town of Mecca was an important trading and religious center, home to many temples and worship sites where the devoted prayed to the idols of these gods. The Quraysh tribe, who ruled Mecca, rebuilt the pre-Islamic Kaaba in c. 608 C.E. In Surah Baqara from the Holy Quran, verses 121-127 described clearly that Allah had ordained his servant Prophet Ibrahim to build the Shrine there for worship of One God. A door is fixed about 7 feet above ground level facing North East. When Muhammad’s forces conquered Mecca in 630, he ordered the destruction of the pagan idols housed in the shrine and ordered it cleansed of all signs of polytheism. The Kabba town forest (UGBO) cleared ……………………………1902 3. But eventually this arrogance of power brought its own consequences and Mukhtar became the ruler in Iraq. History of Parish. The KaÊ¿bah housed the deities of visitors as well as the Meccans’ supra-tribal creator and covenant-guaranteeing deity, called Allāh. with alternating courses of masonry and wood. Centuries later, during the time of Kusayi, who was the leader of the Tribe of Quraish in Makkah, a taller building was completed with a roof and a quadrangle wall around it to give it the shape of a sanctuary and doors all around the sanctuary walls. Its sanctity and antiquity is older than history itself. The Kaaba successfully withstood the Karamatian invasion of 317/929; only the black stone was carried away, and this was returned some twenty years later. Kabba is a town in Kogi State in mid west Nigeria. The Kaaba was a sanctuary in pre-Islamic times. Prophet Ibrahim had to clean the House of these idols and of these idol worshippers. It is much more than a mosque; it is believed to be the place where the heavenly bliss and power touches the earth directly. A brief history of the holy Kaaba A house for the people. History Before Prophet Muhammad. During the early years of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), before he announced his ministry, floods damaged the Kaaba and it was rebuilt again. The early history of the Kaaba is not well known, but it is certain that in the period before the rise of Islam it was a polytheist sanctuary and was a site of pilgrimage for people throughout the Arabian Peninsula. About a year and a half after the migration of the Prophet, the Muslims were ordered to turn towards Makkah for the direction of their prayer. The Quran con­tains sev­eral verses re­gard­ing the ori­gin of the Kaaba, it states that the Kaaba was the first House of Wor­ship, and that it was built by Ibrahim and Ish­maelon God's instructions. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. When the month of pilgrimages (DhÅ« al-Ḥijjah) is over, a ceremonial washing of the Kaaba takes place; religious officials as well as pilgrims take part. Prophet Muhammad came in and was assigned this task. Your support will help us achieve this goal, and enable us to produce more original content. The whole building is built of the layers of grey blue stone from the hills surrounding Makkah. The Obaro of Kabba, Oba Solomon Owoniyi, has appealed to Kogi State Government to relax the lockdown imposed on Kabba/Bunu, the home local government of the two COVID-19 index cases. He himself then took out the stone and placed it in its position. A black stone (Hajar al Aswad) was fixed into its eastern corner. Muslims believe that the history of Mecca goes back to Abraham (Ibrahim) who built the Kaaba with the help of his eldest son Ishmael around 2000 BCE. See Article History. How unique is the name Kabba? Prophet Ibrahim built this House for devout worship to one God. In the Chapter of Genesis from the Bible, it describes the building of the Kaaba to be the occasion in which God ordained Abraham to erect a Shrine for worship. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... KaÊ¿bah, shrine in the Great Mosque, Mecca. Weird things about the name Kabba: The name spelled backwards is Abbak. During Muhammad’s early ministry, the Kaaba was the qiblah, or direction of prayer, for the Muslim community. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Kaaba-shrine-Mecca-Saudi-Arabia, Sacred Destinations - Kaaba, Mecca, Saudi Arabia, The David Collection - Mecca and the Kaaba. Kabba Family History. The pilgrimages to the Kaaba and ritual progressions around the building were continued, but were now for the glorification of One God. © Copyright The Muslim Vibe 2019. According to Islamic sources, the Kaaba was a place of worship for angels before the creation of men. The cube-shaped structure is roughly 50 feet (15 metres) high, and it is about 35 by 40 feet (10 by 14 metres) at its base. They thronged to this place annually and worshipped their personal gods. The ghost town of Nighthawk was a former mining town located on the Similkameen River in Okanogan County Washington. Its sanctity and antiquity is older than history itself. In the year 1981, the Wahhabis brought tanks inside the Kaaba to crush the Kahtani revolution against the Saudi regime and almost demolished the South Eastern Wall. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He is the one who bestows titles on the former two chiefs. The four corners roughly face the four points of the compass. You can read more here. Privacy Policy  /  Terms of Use /  Store Terms. These chiefs are usually highly respected by the people of Kabba while the Orotas are feared, because of the supernatural powers they are believed to have. Fr. In 930 the Black Stone itself was carried away by an extreme ShiÊ¿i sect known as the Qarmatians and held almost 20 years for ransom. Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics (like red hair). This comes from a long and detailed analysis on the story of the Kaaba and the relation of the Prophet’s Household to it. Why is not written anywhere in history that a non-Odolu man became Obajemu and why has Obadofin never been rotated? When Prophet Ibrahim built the Holy Shrine in Makkah, his prayers were that this place should remain a centre of worship for all good and pious people; that Allah should keep his family the custodians of the Holy place. The Kaaba is Islam's holiest site and, as such, knowing more about it is critical to knowing more about Islam itself. Constructed of gray stone and marble, it is oriented so that its corners roughly correspond to the points of the compass. Most Arabs probably viewed this deity as one among many, possessing powers not specific to a particular tribe; others may have identified this figure with…, In Muhammad’s view, the KaÊ¿bah had been dedicated to the aniconic worship of the one God (Allāh) by Abraham, who fathered the ancestor of the Israelites, Isḥāq (Isaac), as well as the ancestor of the Arabs, Ismāʿīl (Ishmael). The Qur’an tells the Muslims, “Turn then thy face towards the sacred mosque and wherever ye be, turn your faces towards that part. When the Black stone was to be put in its place, the Makkahns quarrelled among themselves as to who should have the honour to place it there. Kabba, town, Kogi state, south-central Nigeria, in the Yoruba Hills (elevation 1,300 feet [400 m]). Website by TMV Agency. Thank you and Jazakallah. At this same period, the Qur’an began to lay stress on the religion of Prophet Ibrahim, presenting Islam as a return to the purity of the religion of Prophet Ibrahim that, obscured by Judaism and Christianity, shone forth in its original brightness in the Qur’an. It is 3 feet high and about 5 feet thick. The…. At the center of the town Makka, in the province of Hejaz in … Kogi state is a multiethnic state with three different tribes and Kabba is located in Okun (the yoruba speaking tribe of the state). This guest account has been created to allow people to share their opinions, thoughts and ideas on The Muslim Vibe. A feast was given in honour of the pilgrims, the family of Hashim served food and water to all guests. Tradition goes that the Kaaba was ordained by Allah to be built in the shape of the House in Heaven called Baitul Ma’amoor. The Qurʾān says of Abraham and Ishmael that they “raised the foundations” of the Kaaba. 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